“There is a thin domain of research that, while having ambitious goals of making progress towards human-level intelligence, is also sufficiently grounded in science and engineering methodologies to bring real progress in technology. That’s the sweet spot.” – Yann LeCun
Before we delve into benefits of AGI, let us look at what is AGI first :
Artificial General Intelligence is based on four key principles:
- Essence of intelligence is thought i.e.., rational deliberation which is necessarily sequential
- Ideal model of thought is logical inference based on concepts
- Perceptions is at a lower level of thought
- Intelligence is based on ontology
Computers with AGI can think, comprehend, learn and apply AI techniques to solve real life challenges. AGI can handle unfamiliar problems. It is referred to as deep or strong AI. The capabilities of AGI are listed below:
- Sensory perception
- Fine motor skills
- Natural Language Understanding
- Natural Language Processing
Now let us look at the benefits of AGI:
- AGI can provide solutions to world’s problems related to health, hunger, and poverty.
- AGI can automate processes and improve efficiencies in the companies
- Without manual supervision, AGI can execute tasks
AGI has problems and disadvantages as mentioned below:
- Singularity can be the effect of AGI
- AI can be destructive to mankind
- It can be a weapon for human extinction
- AGI can evolve without any rules or principles
Note : Singularity is a hypothetical point in time when technological growth becomes uncontrollable and irreversible, resulting in uncontrolled changes to mankind.
“The robot has some objective and pursues it brilliantly to the destruction of mankind. And it’s because it’s the wrong objective. It’s the old King Midas problem. We’ve got to get the right objective,” he explains, “and since we don’t seem to know how to program it, the right answer seems to be that the robot should learn – from interacting with and watching humans – what it is humans care about.” – Stuart Russell
“Golden Touch” myth is about the old King Midas Problem. King Midas, a rich and greedy king in Ancient Greece, acquired the ability to change all that he touched into gold. But hardly had he started that everything was transformed into gold, including his daughter.
Solution for singularity is to develop a simulation tool to simulate AGI machine with different techniques. This simulation will help in predicting the AGI behavior against mankind.